Did you know?
Today in Argentina 900,000 young adults neither study nor work. They have few skills to employ in their life and to help them be active and responsible citizens. These young people are at the mercy of any offer to occupy their free time.
About addictions and abusive consumption
According to the latest survey of the Secretary for the Prevention of Drug Abuse and Drug Trafficking (Sedronar 2011):
• 13 out of 17 drank alcohol in the last year. A 30,1% drank in excessive amounts and doesn't know what he/she has done while under the effect of alcohol. A 35.9% drove a car under the influence of alcohol.
• The ingest of stimulating drugs has increased by 44,4 % in the last 4 years.
• 25% of young people recognize that it is very easy to get marijuana/cannabis (and 13% said the same about cocaine).
• The consumption of base cocaine paste increased by 200% since the previous survey in 2001.
Lower consumption rates are seen in young people who are usually close with their family (parents that know where their children go when they leave, they share meals together, go on outdoor activities on weekends, and known who their closest friends are), as well as those who participate in sports and cultural activities.
About study opportunities:
• Young people belonging to lower income households are 3 times less likely to access the top level of education than young people with greater resources.
• While over 92% of young people between 20 and 25 years from high income households completes their school studies, only between 13% and 17% of the young population of low income homes manages to finish school. Two main reasons are the need to work and generate an income themselves, and the lack of inclusion from the comprehensive educational level institutions they attend to.
• There are large differences in educational quality between comprehensive schools depending on the population they serve. All graduates have access to the same certification, but the students in schools in low-income areas have fewer tools to pursue higher studies.
• In Argentina the low income population find it harder to attend college or university: six out of ten people who sign up for college or university come from middle and upper income social areas. It is also more difficult for low income people to graduate: 78% of graduates belongs to these higher socioeconomic levels.
• The few young people from disadvantaged sectors that try entering the higher education system are less prepared to meet the requirements of the challenge.
About employment and job opportunities
• Young people suffer greater economic and social uncertainty, which tends to express itself in increased vulnerability to unemployment.
• The probability of young people to be unemployed is 3 times higher than that of adults. Between young people, teenagers are the most vulnerable to unemployment: the probability of being unemployed teenagers is 4 times higher than that of adults.
• Young unemployment is concentrated in the most vulnerable social groups: between young people it affects women and the less educated population the most. In turn, the majority of unemployed young people come from poor households, many of whom are living in poverty. It thereby creates a vicious cycle of intergenerational transmission of poverty.
In the Province of Buenos Aires there are 150,000 children under the age of 18 who are homeless or in a situation of extreme vulnerability, and receiving -or in a position that applies for receiving- assistance from the state.
• Observatorio Social (Social Observatory), Report of Social Debt
• Survey on Substance Use in Middle Level Students conducted in 2011 by the Secretary for the Prevention of Drug Abuse and Drug Trafficking (SEDRONAR)
• Ministry of Labor, Employment and Social Security.
• Program for Children, Human Rights and Public Policy at the Faculty of Law and Social Sciences of the UNLP (National University of La Plata)